Among other reasons, Cava came into being as a result of the radical transformation of vineyards because of the invasion by phylloxera.
The properties and characteristics of Cava owe themselves to the soils of the vineyards, the varieties of grape used and the climate.
Vine growing stretches from the Mediterranean coastline to the highest areas, at an altitude of approximately 800 m. However, it is in the central areas, at an altitude of 200 to 300 m. where the largest vine growing area is to be found.
The climate is Mediterranean, sunny, with mild winters and moderately hot summers.
The characteristics above, combined with a moderate rainfall spread throughout the year, create an ideal microclimate for vine growing and the maturation process of the grapes.
Harvest takes place from mid August to the end of October. Grapes are transported to the cellars in boxes containing 25-30 kg or in stainless steel trailers.
Oenologists combine the wines obtained from the different varieties in what they consider the ideal proportion in accordance with the characteristics of their products.
The quality achieved by Cava starts in the vineyard. Harvesting the grapes, arranging and transporting them to the cellars is carried out with great care and as speedily as possible to reduce the time elapsed between harvesting and obtaining the must as much as possible.
When the grapes reach the cellars the process of making the cuvée starts, extracting the must with a gentle pressing to obtain high quality must.
This must is then clarified, and the fermentation process starts using selected yeast, under strict temperature control to make the most of the aromas of each variety, each of which is vinified separately.
Once the vinification is complete, the winemakers determine the proportion of each type and variety to be used for the coupage, which will produce the various cavas. Wines using different varieties complement each other to produce a wine with its own personality which defines the characteristics of each brand.
Native variety with medium size bunches which are not very compact. Witch its total acidity and structure it is the variety with the strongest personality. It has a thick skin making it resistant to disease. It produces full-bodied wines with a good acidity.
Traditional variety with large, compact bunches and a fine skin making it rather fragile. Despite its sensitivity, it resists the spring freezes. It produces a wine with balanced acidity and delicate aroma.
It offers a subtle, floral aroma. The bunches are large with large grapes. It is the last variety to be harvested. It adapts well to high areas. It produces gentle wines of moderate alcoholic strength.